According to the Section 6(1) of the Science, Technology and Innovation Act 2013, the functions of the Commission shall be to:-
- develop, in consultation with stakeholders, the priorities in scientific, technological and innovation activities in Kenya in relation to the economic and social policies of the Government, and the country’s international commitments;
- lead inter-agency efforts to implement sound policies and budgets, working in collaboration with the county governments, and organizations involved in science and technology and innovation within Kenya and outside Kenya;
- ensure co-ordination and co-operation between the various agencies involved in science, technology and innovation; and
- co-ordinate, monitor and evaluate, as appropriate, activities relating to scientific research and technology development.