According to the Section 6(1) of the Science, Technology and Innovation Act 2013, the functions of the Commission shall be to:-
- advise the national and county governments on the science, technology and innovation policy, including general planning and assessment of the necessary financial resources;
- advise on science education and innovation at both basic and advanced levels;
- annually, review the progress in scientific research systems and submit a report of its findings and recommendations to the Cabinet Secretary; and
- advise the Government on policies and any issue relating to scientific research systems.